Ayurveda is one of the oldest medical system in the world originated from India 5000 years ago. The Name Ayurveda is composed of two Sanskrit (mother of all Indian languages) words, AYUS and VEDA. AYUS = life and VEDA = Science or knowledge. So the meaning of Ayurveda is "science of life" or "knowledge about life". This ancient science of wisdom evolved from the Vedas, which combines physical, psychological and spiritual therapies in its approach to health. India is a land of tradition, culture and a great history. It is amazing that this country had lot of valuable knowledge in every aspect of life.
This helped the country in exploring its talents in every field like, Vastu shastra as engineering, Jyotisha as astrology, Vrukshayurveda as agriculture, Mrugayurveda as veterinary, Sangeetha sasthra as classical music, Nruthya sasthra as classical dance, Dhanurveda as martial arts, Sthapatyaveda as architecture, Ayurveda as medical system..etc..
During these centuries Ayurveda developed in a remarkable way to compete with the modern world. The Ayurvedic physicians are awarded the basic degree BAMS (Bachelor in Ayurvedic Medicine & Surgery) which is a five and half years of residential study programme in the medical universities. One who has completed this bachelor programme has to register under the Indian medical council for practicing. Post Graduate (MD) education is conducted in the medical universities as a further three-year residential study in different specialities.
Most of the villages in India will be having at least one government Ayurvedic hospital other than numerous private Ayurvedic clinics and hospitals. Ayurvedic and modern doctors are working together in some of the hospitals. Ayurvedic pharmaceutical industry is a big business sector in India. Hundreds of medicines manufacturing companies are functioning through out India with latest modern technology. This helps the country to produce herbal medicines in a scientific way preserving its classical and traditional form.
FIVE ELEMENTS & DOSHAS
Ayurvedic science is based on the five element theory ie; Prithvi (earth), Ap (water), Tejus (fire), Vayu (air) and Akasha (ether). Ayurveda strongly derives that the whole universe is made up of five elements, so as the human body. The human body is very closely related with our mother nature.
From these five elements evolved the Ayurvedic postulates - Vata (air + ether) Pitta (fire + water) and Kapha (water + earth). These three are called as DOSHAS. It is invisible and can be a known only by its qualities and actions performed in the body. The Doshas govern the physiochemical and physiological activities in the body. When these three are in a balanced state or in a harmony, health is maintained. Any change in its equilibrium due to the improper diet and activities produces ill health.
PRAKRUTHI OR PERSONAL CONSTITUTION
According to Ayurveda an individual's physical and mental constitution is called as prakruti. An individual's constitution is fixed at the time of conception. It is influenced by parent`s genitics, mental and physical state during the fertilisation. This Prakruti helps to make ones personality. The prakruti is very much individualised, due to this nobody is having same prakruti. During the life Prakruti is not getting changed as it is fixed by birth. It changes only during death.
Prakruti on an Individual cannot be treated as it is fixed from birth. Treatment is done for Vikruti - derangement of the three Dosha which produce disease due to various factors.
FOOD AND AYURVEDA
You are what you eat, what you think and what you do. The major causative factor of ill health is improper food and food habits. Ayurveda has given a very detailed knowledge about the food and food habits, which should be adopted.
Ayurveda has classified the basic tastes into six. They are MADHURA (sweet), AMLA (sour), LAVANA (salt), TIKTA (bitter), USHNA (spicy/pungent) and KASHAYA (astringent). The improper usage of these tastes influences the DOSHAS causing imbalance and disease.
The tastes are closely related with the Five elementsâ€¦.